K - O

Glossary Terms - Letters K to O

  • Key Stages - The structure of primary and secondary education in maintained schools in England and Wales, based on age bandings; Key Stage 1 (5-7 years); Key stage 2 (7-11 years); Key Stage 3 (11-14 years); Key stage 4 (14-16 years). Each Key Stage includes assessments to ensure pupils are achieving expected levels of attainment for their age.
  • LAC - Looked After Children. A child is looked after when he/she is in the care of the Local Authority (by order of a court) or is being provided with accommodation (under a voluntary agreement) by the Local Authority.
  • Life Expectancy - The theoretical age of death an average person born today could expect to live to if he/she had the same rate of death at each age as the current population.
  • Low Birth Weight Baby - A baby born with a birth weight less than 2500 grams (5 pounds 8 ounces).
  • LSOA - Lower Super Output Area. A small geographical area, designed to improve the reporting of small area statistics. Currently there are 183 LSOA’s in Enfield. Each LSOA equates to roughly around 1,500 people.
  • LTC - Long Term Condition. Conditions or chronic diseases for which there is currently no cure, and which are managed with drugs and other treatment. For example, diabetes.
  • Malignant - Cancerous tumour which can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
  • Methicillin - An antibiotic used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, which destroys bacteria by disrupting the growth of their cell walls. Some bacteria have developed resistance to methicillin and other antibiotics. 
  • Mind - National charity that offers support to people with mental health problems, campaigns to improve services and promotes awareness and understanding of mental health problems. 
  • MMR - The triple Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine, given as a single injection.
  • Modelled Prevalence - Estimates of the total number (diagnosed and undiagnosed) of people with a given condition or disease within the population, sometimes also projecting future trends. 
  • Morbidity - A diseased state, disability, or poor health due to any cause. Also used to describe the rate of illness and ill health in a population.
  • Mortality - Relating to death. A mortality rate indicates the number of deaths within a population over a given period of time (e.g. per year).
  • Mosaic - Socio-demographic segmentation tool based on lifestyle data. Mosaic aims to segment the population into a number of distinct groups where the members share similar characteristics.
  • MRSA - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. A bacterial strain that has developed resistance to antibiotics that disrupt bacterial cell wall growth, including methicillin and penicillin. Disease-causing MRSA infections can be difficult to treat.
  • MSOA - Middle Super Output Areas. A geographical area, designed to improve the reporting of small area statistics. There are currently 36 MSOAs in Enfield. MSOAs have an average population size of 7,200.
  • MYE - Mid-Year Estimates of population change.
  • NEET -  Not in Education, Employment or Training. Young People aged 16-18 years who are recorded as not being involved in any formal education, employment or training programmes.
  • NHS Health Check - The NHS Health Check is for adults in England between the ages of 40 and 74, and aims to help prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease and certain types of dementia, by assessing an individual's risk of these diseases, and giving advice to help them to manage or reduce their risk.
  • NICE - National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.  A Non Departmental Public Body that provides evidence-based guidance and advice to improve health and social care.
  • Nomis - Online database of official labour market statistics, run on behalf of the Office of National Statistics.
  • NVQ - National Vocational Qualifications. Work-based awards achieved through assessment and training, ranging from Level 1 (basic work activities) to Level 5 (senior management). 
  • Obese - Describes an individual who is clinically overweight, with a body weight more than 20% greater than recommended for their height. Individuals who are obese have a body mass index of over 30.   
  • ONS - Office of National Statistics. The government department responsible for the production of official national statistics, including conducting and analysing the results of the 10-yearly Census.
  • Overweight - Describes an individual weighing more than 10% - 20% of what is considered to be the recommended healthy weight for a person of their height. Individuals who are overweight have a body mass index of 25 - 29.9. 

This page was last updated on 29-Oct-2013.