Education

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Early Years Provision

Every 3 or 4 year old is entitled to 15 hours per week of free Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) provision, from the beginning of the school term following their 3rd birthday, until compulsory school age.

All early years providers, whether they are child-minders, schools, day nurseries, or preschools, have to meet EYFS requirements - meaning all children get the same experience, no matter which environment they are in.

Early Years Provision in Enfield, by Ward: 2013

Early Years
Enlarge the Early Years Provision in Enfield, by Ward: 2013 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

This table shows the provision available for children aged 0-5 in Enfield. It includes the following:

  • Children's Centres: these offer community services for children and their families including drop-in sessions, classes and courses. Some centres also offer day care provision.
  • Child-minders: this is someone who looks after children on domestic premises, often their own home, for more than two hours in any one day for reward.
  • Private, Voluntary and Independent Sector (PVIs): this includes day nurseries, pre-schools, childcare on domestic premises and nursery units of independent schools.

Bush Hill Park ward has the greatest number of early years childcare providers, with 86.05% of these being child-minders. The fewest childcare providers are seen in Turkey Street ward.

Average Number of Children aged 0-5 per Provider in Enfield, by Ward

Children per Provider
Enlarge the Children per Provider Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

If we compare the number of providers with the population of 0-5 year olds in each ward, we can see that there is a huge disparity between wards, in terms of provision - Edmonton Green ward has an average of 148 children per provider, whilst Cockfosters ward has an average of just 23 children per provider. A total of nine wards sit above the Enfield average of 58, with seven of these nine wards found in the east of the Borough.

Registered Early Years and Childcare Provision in Enfield- Private, Voluntary and Independent - Ofsted Inspection Outcomes: 2012

Registered Early Years Providers
Enlarge the Registered Early Years Providers Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

In the latest inspection of Enfield Early Years and Childcare Provision, carried out in 2012, Ofsted judged that of the registered private, voluntary and independent early years sector providers, 4.3% were ‘Outstanding’ and 62.1% were ‘Good’. Only 1.7% received a judgement of ‘Poor’. There were 6.9% of settings which had yet to be inspected.

2 Year Old Pilots

The two year olds (pilot) programme was launched in 2006 in response to growing evidence of:
  • the strong influence that family background, and particularly the home learning environment, can have on children’s cognitive and social development from a very young age
  • how high quality early education can counter the potential negative effects of living in circumstances that do not facilitate children’s cognitive and social development

The two year olds programme was seen as playing a crucial role in improving disadvantaged children’s social and cognitive outcomes (e.g. social confidence and independence, verbal skills and reasoning ability), and in ensuring that by the age of five they are as ready as their more advantaged peers to start and fully benefit from school.

Eligibility criteria for the offer are:

  • To access the offer families must live within an identified postcode area of the borough (20% Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index measure)
  • All families accessing the offer must also be in receipt of Income Support, Income Based Job Seekers Allowance, Child Tax Credit, Working Tax Credit relating to disability or Pension credit
  • In addition families must meet at least one of the following; Lone Parent, Teenage Parent (Age 20 and not in receipt of Care to Learn), experience Domestic Violence issues, in temporary accommodation, have 3 or more children under 5 or experienced substance misuse
  • The child must have one of the following characteristics; be in the care of the local authority, be subject to a child protection plan, be considered a child in need as defined under section 17 of The Children's Act 1989, have or be at risk of developing SEN, have English as an additional language or have additional needs other than those listed.
  • As of September 2013 eligibility criteria will be simplified to those children eligible for free school meals and looked after children. The target number of placements for 2011/2012 was 239 per term; as of September 2013 it will be 1316.

Ofsted Grading of PVIs Offering 2 Year Old Free Entitlement in Enfield

Ofsted Grading of PVIs
Enlarge the Ofsted Grading of PVIs Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Private, Voluntary and Independent Sector (PVIs) includes day nurseries, pre-schools, childcare on domestic premises and nursery units of independent schools. The majority of settings offering funded 2 year old places have been graded 'Good' by Ofsted. It is however worth noting that a large number have a grading of 'Satisfactory' with only two settings graded as 'Outstanding'.

Foundation Years

A pupil, of Foundation Stage (pre-school age), achieving 6 or more points across the 7 Scales of Personal Social and Emotional (PSE) development and Communication, Language and Literacy (CLL) and who also achieves 78 or more points across all 13 scales is classed as having "a good level of development".

Proportion of Foundation Stage Pupils Achieving a Good Level of Development, by London Borough: 2012

Good Level of Development
Enlarge the Good Level of Development Chart

Source: National Pupil Database

In 2012, 59% of Early Years Pupils in Enfield achieved a ‘Good Level of Development’. This was the third lowest figure in London and below both the London and England averages. Only the Boroughs of Tower Hamlets and Haringey performed worse.

Proportion of Pupils Achieving a Good Level of Development, in Enfield: 2006 - 2012

Good Level of Development, 2006 - 2012
Enlarge the Good Level of Development, 2006 - 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

A year by year breakdown of the percentage of Foundation Stage pupils who scored 6 or more in each of the Personal, Social and Emotional (PSE) development and Communication, Language and Literacy (CLL) scales, and also scored a total of 78 or more points, shows a continual improvement since 2006. However, although there has been improvement, Enfield still has a lower average than nationally, with the gap between Enfield and the national average at 4.4% in 2012.

Gap between the lowest 20% in the Early Years Foundation Stage Profile and the rest, in Enfield: 2006 - 2012

Early Years Gap
Enlarge the Early Years Gap, 2006 - 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

This indicator looks at the gap between the mean Foundation Stage Profile score of the lowest achieving 20% of children in the authority and the median score of all children locally. In Enfield, this value has fallen, showing a downward trend since 2007, although there was a small rise in 2010. However, the achievement gap in Enfield is greater than that in England.

Special Educational Needs

Some children have needs or disabilities that affect their ability to learn. Examples of these include:

  • Behavioural/social
  • Reading and writing
  • Understanding things
  • Concentrating
  • Physical needs or impairments

A ‘Statement’ of special educational needs defines specifically what a child’s needs are. Statements are reviewed every years.

Proportion of Enfield Primary School Pupils with SEN Statement: 2004 - 2012

SEN Statement (Primary)
Enlarge the Primary School Pupils with SEN Statement 2004 – 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

The proportion of Enfield primary school pupils, in mainstream provision, with SEN Statements has remained fairly constant over recent years. The 2012 rate for pupils with Statements was 1.1%. This was slightly up on the 2011 figure of 1.01%, but since 2008 the rate has been between 0.99% and 1.10%. Recent years have seen a rate somewhat lower than that seen between 2004 and 2007, where the rate was 1.62% in 2005, and was 1.47% at its lowest point, in 2004.

The decline in the Enfield rate has been more evident than that seen across England as a whole, and since 2007 Enfield’s rate has been considerably lower than the average for England. The latest figure for England, in 2012, was 1.4%.

Proportion of Enfield Secondary School Pupils with SEN Statement: 2004 - 2012

SEN - Secondary
Enlarge the Secondary School Pupils with SEN Statement 2004 – 2012 Chart

Source: Department for Education, Statistical First Releases

The proportion of Enfield secondary school pupils, in mainstream provision, with SEN Statements has fallen steadily over recent years. The 2012 rate for pupils with Statements was 1.4%. Since 2007 the rate has reduced from 2.01% to the 2012 figure of 1.40%.

The decline in the Enfield rate has been more evident than that seen across England as a whole. The latest figure for England, in 2012, was 1.90%.

Pupils with a Statement Maintained by Enfield Council: 2007 – 2012

SEN Statement (Enfield Council)
Enlarge the Pupils with SEN Statement Maintained by Enfield Council 2007 – 2012 Chart

Source: Department for Education, Statistical First Releases

The total number of statements maintained by Enfield Council has decreased by 35 since 2008, although since 2010 the number has gradually increased each year. In recent years, numbers peaked in 2007, when the total number of statements maintained was 1,375.

Proportion of Enfield Primary Sector Pupils with SEN: 2008-2012

SEN Proportion(Primary)
Enlarge the Primary Sector Pupils with SEN 2008 – 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Between 2008 and 2012 the average proportion of primary sector pupils with SEN (including School Action, School Action Plus and Statements) has varied somewhat. As of 2012, the rate was 21.1%, a figure that is slightly up on that seen in 2011, and considerably higher than the England average of 18.5%.

Proportion of Enfield Secondary Sector Pupils with SEN: 2008-2012

SEN Proportion(Secondary)
Enlarge the Secondary Sector Pupils with SEN 2008 – 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Between 2008 and 2012 the average proportion of secondary sector pupils with SEN (including School Action, School Action Plus and Statements) has remained fairly constant. As of 2012, the rate was 23.5%, a figure that is very slightly up on that seen in 2011, but considerably higher than the England average of 20.2%.

Proportion of Pupils with Special Education Needs in Enfield, by Ward: 2012

SEN Proportion(by Ward)
Enlarge the Proportion of Pupils with SEN by Ward, 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Analysis of the proportion of pupils with SEN, in 2012, shows that there were a higher proportion of pupils residing in the east of the Borough with SEN, when compared to those pupils residing in the west of the Borough.

Disabled Young People with Special Needs

The Young People's Education and Skills Team at London Councils commissioned Mime Consulting to develop a model to forecast future participation of pupils with Special Educational Needs in post-16 provision in a consistent way across all London local authorities.

The model uses large amounts of schools data to project patterns of post-16 need in the coming years (up to 2015). It projects patterns of need by primary category (e.g. visual impairment, autistic spectrum disorder etc.) and also forecasts predicted Key Stage 4 attainment bands, important elements to help with the further development of local and specialist provision for disabled young people.

Examples of content include:

  • Numbers of Pupils age 11 to 15 - by SEN Stage, Over Time
  • Numbers of Each Age at School Action Plus or Statemented (Schools Only)
  • Pupils in Same Cohort Over Time at School Action Plus or Statemented (Schools Only)
  • Breakdown of SEN Pupils by Type (P & S Only) - 2010/11 (Age 11 to 15)
  • Change in SEN Types for Pupils in Same Cohort Over Time (Age 15 in 2010/11)
  • Change in Incidence of SEN Types for Age 15 Pupils Over Time

Detailed information is available from the Council’s Joint Service for Disabled Children.

Educational Achievement

Key Stage 1 covers the school years of Year 1 and Year 2. At these stages, pupils are aged 5 - 7 years old.

Proportion of Pupils Achieving Level 2b+ in English, Writing and Maths at Key Stage 1 Level, in Enfield and England: 2004 – 2012

Key Stage 1
Enlarge the Key Stage 1, 2004 - 2012 Chart

Source: Enfield Pupil-Level data, Department for Education, 2007-12

From 2006 to 2012, Enfield has been consistently below the England average for Key Stage 1 performance in reading, writing and maths. Despite results for reading and writing improving every year since 2008, the gap between Enfield and the England average, for all topics, increased in 2012. Maths results decreased by 0.7% between 2011 and 2012, meaning there was a gap of 3.3% from the England average.

Key Stage 2 covers the school years of Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6. At these stages, pupils are aged 7 - 11 years old.

Proportion of Pupils Achieving Level 4+ in English and Maths at Key Stage 2 Level, by London Borough: 2012

Key Stage 2
Enlarge the Key Stage 2, 2012 Chart

Source: National curriculum assessments at key stage 2 in England, Department for Education, 2011-12

In the 2011/12 academic year, 80% of Enfield pupils achieved Level 4 or higher in English and Maths at Key Stage 2. This placed Enfield at the lower end of the performance scale in London, and 2% below the overall London average. However, Enfield’s figure was in line with the England average of 80%.

Data from the Department for Education displays the educational achievement of pupils across the country. By considering the proportion of pupils achieving five or more A* - C grades in GCSEs, including English and Maths, we can begin to understand the performance of our local schools and our local pupils.

Proportion of Pupils Achieving 5+ A*-C GCSEs, including English and Maths, by London Borough: 2011/2012

5+ GCSE A* - C
Enlarge the 5+ GCSE A* - C Chart

Source: Department for Education

In 2011/12 Enfield had the third lowest achievement rate, for 5+ A*-C GCSEs including English and Maths, in London. 55.5% of pupils achieved this level (approximately 2060 pupils from an End of Key Stage 4 Pupil Population of 3712), compared to a London average of 62.3%. Enfield’s rate was also below the England average of 59.4%. Only the Boroughs of Waltham Forest and Islington performed worse than Enfield.

Provisional information for 2012/13 indicates that 64% of pupils in Enfield achieved 5 A*-C GCSEs including Maths and English. These figures will be confirmed in early 2014.

Proportion of Pupils Achieving 5+ A*-C GCSEs including English and Maths, in Enfield: 2006 – 2012

5+ GCSE A* - C 2006 - 2012
Enlarge the 5+ GCSE A* - C 2006 - 2012 Chart

Source: Department for Education

Between 2006 and 2011 Enfield’s GCSE performance improved year on year. Figures for 2012 appear to show a return to 2010 levels, however, it should be noted that, as a result of examination boards changing grading marks in English after the January 2012 examinations, those children (the vast majority) who were entered for the summer 2012 examinations were considered to be disadvantaged. Whilst this impacted negatively upon the Key Stage 4 results in Enfield in 2012, the actual performance of pupils in 2012 was considered to be a continuation of the year on year improvements seen in the Borough over recent years.

Proportion of Pupils Achieving 5+ A*-C GCSEs including English and Maths, in Enfield: 2006 – 2012(Enfield, White Turkish and Somali)

5+ GCSE A* - C 2006 - 2012 (Enfield, White Turkish, Somali)
Enlarge the 5+ GCSE A* - C 2006 - 2012 (Enfield, White Turkish, Somali) Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

The achievement levels of White Turkish pupils at Key Stage 4 have shown an upward trend since 2008, with an improvement of over 20% between 2008 and 2012. This has resulted in the gap between White Turkish pupils and the Enfield average reducing to 9.7%, compared to 23.1% in 2008.

The trend in the achievement levels of Somali pupils has been more variable, with improvements one year often followed by falls in achievement in the subsequent year. The gap between the achievements of Somali pupils and the Enfield average was 16.1% in 2012, having been 8% in 2011.

Key Stage 4, Performance Gap between Pupils Achieving A*- C GCSEs, Including English and Maths – Non-Free School Meals Pupils compared with Free School Meals Pupils in Enfield: 2006 - 2012

Key Stage 4 Performance Gap
Enlarge the Key Stage 4 Performance Gap Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

The gap between the achievement of pupils at Key Stage 4 eligible for Free School Meals (FSM), and those pupils not eligible for FSM, decreased by 2.6% between 2011 and 2012. The gap is now the smallest it has been at any point between 2006 and 2012, and significantly smaller than is seen across England as a whole.

Key Stage 4, Performance Gap between Pupils Achieving A*- C GCSEs, Including English and Maths – Special Educational Needs Pupils compared with Non Special Educational Needs Pupils in Enfield: 2006 - 2012

Key Stage 4 Performance Gap, SEN
Enlarge the Key Stage 4 Performance Gap, SEN Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

(This data is taken from DfE AAT files and does not exactly match NI 105 published data, but is produced using the same formula, and can be used to compare performance of SEN pupils compared to non SEN pupils over time)

The Key Stage 4 performance of Special Educational Needs (SEN) pupils rose every year between 2006 and 2011. However, between 2011 and 2012 performance dropped slightly, with a 1.9% fall. Despite this fall, the performance gap between SEN and non SEN pupils did decrease by 11.5% between 2011 and 2012, whereas in previous years the gap had been increasing year on year.

Key Stage 5, Average QCA points Per Entry: 2008 – 2012

Key Stage 5 AQA
Enlarge the Key Stage 5 AQA Chart

Source: DfE Performance Tables Data 2008/11, 2012 SFR Provisional results (These figures include all schools and colleges) Grade points equivalent (A* was introduced in 2010) A*=300, A=270, B=240, C=210, D=180, E=150

Key Stage 5 covers the school years of Year 12 and Year 13. At these stages, pupils are aged 16 - 18 years old.

The average Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA) points per entry for Level 3 (GCE A/AS level and equivalents) qualifications in Enfield rose each year from 2008 to 2011. However, 2012 saw a reduction to 215.5 points per entry, this is equivalent to a grade 'C'. Despite this reduction, Enfield still achieves a greater average point score per entry than England does as a whole. The gap between the Enfield and England average was 3.7 points in 2012 – this was the highest it has been in 5 years.

Achievement of Level 2 Qualification by Age 19 in Enfield: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Level 2 by Age 19
Enlarge the Level 2 by Age 19 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

The proportion of young people in Enfield achieving a Level 2 qualification (equivalent to GCSE at Grades A* - C) by the age of 19 has increased year on year for the last 5 years. Between 2006/07 and 2011/12 the figure has increased by 11.4%. This increase has mirrored, and slightly outperformed, the picture seen across England as a whole.

Gap in Achievement of Level 2 Qualification by Age 19 between those in receipt of Free School Meals at the age of 15 and those not in receipt, in Enfield: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Level 2 Gap, FSM
Enlarge the Level 2 Gap, Free School Meals Chart

Source: Department for Education, 2012

This indicator looks at the gap in attainment of Level 2 qualifications, by the age of 19, amongst those young people who were in receipt of Free School Meals at the age of 15 and those who were not in receipt. There has been a decrease in this gap in Enfield over the last 5 years. This decrease can also be seen across England as a whole .The gap in Enfield is currently 5% lower than that seen on average, across England.

Achievement of Level 3 Qualification by Age 19: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Level 3 Gap, FSM
Enlarge the Level 3 Gap, Free School Meals Chart

Source: Department for Education, 2012

The proportion of young people achieving a Level 3 qualification by the age of 19 in Enfield has increased year on year for the last 5 years. Between 2006/07 and 2011/12 the figure has increased by 8.6%. This increase has mirrored, and slightly outperformed, the picture seen across England as a whole.

Gap in Achievement of Level 3 Qualification by Age 19 between those in receipt of Free School Meals at the age of 15 and those not in receipt, in Enfield: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Level 3 by Age 19
Enlarge the Level 3 by Age 19 Chart

Source: Department for Education, 2012

This indicator looks at the gap in attainment of Level 3 qualifications, by the age of 19, amongst those young people who were in receipt of Free School Meals at the age of 15 and those who were not in receipt. The gap in Enfield fell from 2006/07 until 2008/09, but rose in 2009/10, before falling once more in 2010/11. The gap in Enfield is currently 7% lower than that seen on average, across England

Enfield Primary School Attendance: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Primary School Attendance
Enlarge the Primary School Attendance Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Overall attendance has risen in Enfield’s primary schools over the past 4 years. However, average attendance rates across England are higher than those currently seen in Enfield.

Enfield Secondary School Attendance: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Secondary School Attendance
Enlarge the Secondary School Attendance Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Attendance in Enfield’s secondary schools has shown an upward trend from 2006-2010. During this time, Enfield's overall attendance rate had been fractionally higher than the England rate. However, in 2010/11 there was a slight decrease in attendance levels, meaning Enfield's rate sat 0.10% lower than the England average.

Absence data from schools can help highlight where there may be cause for concern in terms of school attendance trends in the Borough.

Authorised Absence, Enfield Primary Schools: 2007/2008 – 2011/2012

Authorised Absence Primary
Enlarge the Authorised Absence, Enfield Primary Schools Chart

Source: Department for Education, Statistical First Releases 2007-2012

The number of authorised absences in Enfield primary schools has decreased steadily over the last five years. This trend has been replicated across both London, and England.

Authorised Absence, Enfield Secondary Schools: 2007/2008 – 2011/2012

Authorised Absence Secondary
Enlarge the Authorised Absence, Enfield Secondary Schools Chart

Source: Department for Education, Statistical First Releases 2007-2012

The number of authorised absences in Enfield secondary schools has also decreased steadily over the last five years. Again, this trend has been replicated across both London, and England.

Unauthorised Absence, Enfield Primary Schools: 2007/2008 – 2011/2012

Unauthorised Absence Primary
Enlarge the Unauthorised Absence, Enfield Primary Schools Chart

Source: Department for Education, Statistical First Release 2007-2012

The pattern in unauthorised absences from the Borough’s primary schools is similar, with the only exception being a slight increase in 2010/11, before a continuation of the downwards trend in 2011/12. This pattern was replicated across both London and England.

Unauthorised Absence, Enfield Secondary Schools: 2007/0208 – 2011/2012

Unuthorised Absence Secondary
Enlarge the Unauthorised Absence, Enfield Secondary Schools Chart

Source: Department for Education, Statistical First Releases 2007-2012

Conversely, the number of unauthorised absences in secondary schools has increased over recent years. Having been well below 1% in 2007/08, the rate is now 1.1%. This trend has been replicated somewhat nationally, but not at London level.

Persistent Absence Levels in Enfield: 2005/2006 – 2010/2011 (Old Threshold)

Persistent Absence (Old Threshold)
Enlarge the Persistent Absence Levels: 2005/06 – 2010/11 (Old Threshold) Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Pupils who can be, and should be, in school, but who continue to miss a significant portion of their education can be defined as Persistently Absent. The threshold for persistent absence has changed from 20% absence to 15%. The analysis above shows the 2010/11 data based on the old definition, in order to allow a comparison to be made to previous data.

Persistent absence levels in Enfield secondary schools fell between 2006 and 2009/10, however 2010/11 saw an increase in levels. Enfield has a fractionally higher level of persistent absence than the average across England.

Persistent Absence Levels in Enfield: 2010/2011 (New Threshold)

Persistent Absence (New Threshold)
Enlarge the Persistent Absence Levels: 2010/11 (New Threshold) Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Based on the new definition, pupils with an absence rate of 15% or higher, at 8.3% Enfield has a lower level than the England average of 8.4%. As the graph shows, the change in definition sees the rate increase dramatically for Enfield and England from that seen during previous years under the 20% definition.

Proportion of the Enfield School Population Permanently Excluded: 2004/2005 – 2010/2011

Permanently Excluded
Enlarge the Proportion of the School Population Permanently Excluded: 2004/05 – 2010/11 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

In 2010/11, the proportion of the school role subject to permanent exclusions in Enfield schools was at its lowest level since 2004. Enfield's rate of permanent exclusion was also lower than both the London and the England rates.

Proportion of the Enfield Primary School Population with a Fixed Term Exclusion: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Fixed Term Exclusion (Primary)
Enlarge the Proportion of the Primary School Population with a Fixed Term Exclusion: 2006/07 – 2010/11 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

In 2010/11, Enfield saw an increase from the previous year in terms of the rate of primary school fixed term exclusions. The figure is still lower however than between 2007 and 2009. In 2009/10 Enfield had a lower rate than on average across both London and England, however the 2010/11 rate in Enfield was above that of both London and England.

Proportion of the Enfield Secondary School Population with a Fixed Term Exclusion: 2006/2007 – 2010/2011

Fixed Term Exclusion (Secondary)
Enlarge the Proportion of the Secondary School Population with a Fixed Term Exclusion: 2004/05 – 2010/11 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

In 2010/11 the rate of fixed term exclusions in secondary schools in Enfield increased for the first time since 2006/07. Having declined steadily since 2006/07 Enfield’s rate had been consistently lower than that seen across both London and England, however the recent increase has resulted in the Enfield rate now being above both the London average and the England average.

English as an Additional Language (EAL)

Many pupils speak a language other than English. Whilst finding ways to build on this knowledge of an alternative language is an important part of the role of primary and secondary education, ensuring that all pupils develop as competent and confident speakers and writers of English is equally as important.

Proportion of Resident Pupils in Primary, Secondary and Special Schools in Enfield with English as an Additional Language: 2008 - 2012

Resident Pupils EAL 2008 - 2012
Enlarge the Proportion of Resident Pupils with EAL, 2008 - 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Within the primary sector the proportion of pupils with English as an additional language has increased every year since 2008. The current figure is 48.3%. Whilst the England average has also increased every year over the same time period, the current figure for England is 17.5%.

Over the same time period the secondary sector figure has also increased, aside from a slight decrease in 2009, from 35.8% in 2008 to 40.0% in 2012. This compares with a 2012 England average of 12.9%.

The special sector (schools for children who are unable to benefit from mainstream schooling, due to learning or physical disabilities) has also experienced a growth in numbers between 2008 and 2012, from 32.1% to 36.2%. This compares to an England average of 12.1% in 2012, a slight decrease in 2009 but has continued to increase since then. The special sector increased from 2008 to 2010 with a slight decrease in 2011, and an increase of over 2% in 2012.

Therefore, Enfield continues to have a higher proportion of EAL pupils across all sectors than the national figure.

Proportion of Enfield Pupils with English as an Additional Language by Ward: 2012

Pupils EAL by Ward 2012
Enlarge the Proportion of Pupils with EAL by Ward: 2012 Chart

Source: Enfield School Census, January 2008-2012

Analysis undertaken in 2012 of the proportion of pupils speaking English as an additional language, shows that there were a higher proportion of pupils residing in the east of the Borough speaking English as an additional language, when compared to those pupils residing in the west of the Borough.

First Language of Enfield School Pupils - Ten Most Common: 2010 - 2012

First Language, School Pupils: 2010 - 2012
Enlarge the First Language of Enfield School Pupils: 2010 - 2012 Chart

Source: London Borough of Enfield, SCS, Research and Information

Between 2010 and 2012 there has been a 1.4% increase in the proportion of pupils whose first language is Turkish. Over the same period, there has been a 2.8% decrease in the proportion of pupils whose first language is English. Alongside English, there have also been minor decreases in the proportions of those speaking Greek, Gujarati, Yoruba and Caribbean Creole French.