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Numbers and Projections

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Of the 32 boroughs of London, Enfield currently boasts the fourth highest population figure. The latest population approximation, taken from mid-2013, estimates that there were a total of 320,524 individuals living in the borough (Office for National Statistics (ONS), 2014).  

Greater London Authority, Population Projections: 2015 – 2032GLA, Population Projections: 2015 – 2032
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Source: Greater London Authority (GLA) 2013 round BPO-based population projections - capped household size variant. Population figures rounded to nearest 100.

Furthermore, over the next decade, this figure is expected to steadily increase, reaching around 330,000 people by 2018, and 340,000 by 2023. Between 2015 and 2023, the population of Enfield is projected to rise by 5% and by over 10% between 2015 and 2032.

Life Expectancy Fact Box
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Population of Enfield, Male and Female: 2013 and 2023Population of Enfield, Male and Female
Enlarge Population of Enfield, Male and Female

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Mid-Year Estimate 2013, Greater London Authority Population Projections 2013- Round, BPO-based population projections - capped household size variant.

An interesting aspect of Enfield's population is that an unusually large proportion of the population is made up by younger people. In 2013, just over one fifth (21. 3%) of residents are aged under15. This is the 4th highest proportion in London, and above the London average of 19.1% and the England average of 17.8%. Population projections suggest this proportion is expected to fall over the next two decades however, reducing to 20.8% in 2023 and 19.6% in 2033.

Population of Enfield, Male and Female: 2013 and 2033Population of Enfield, Male and Female
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Source: ONS Mid-Year Estimate 2013, GLA Population Projections 2013 Round, BPO-based population projections - capped household size variant.

There is a relatively high proportion of older people living in the borough. Within Enfield, 12.8% of residents are aged 65 or over, with this figure being the 11th highest in London. Between 2013 and 2023, the proportion of people in Enfield aged 55-64 years is especially likely to increase. However, between 2013 and 2033, the 60+ years age groups are most likely to increase their proportions, in Enfield.

Population by Ward: 2015

Population by Ward: 2015
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Source: GLA 2013 Round of Demographic Projections - Ward projections Local authority population projections - based on 2013 BPO data.

In 2011, the Census showed that the highest concentration of the population was found in the eastern wards of the borough, particularly the south eastern wards of Edmonton Green and Upper Edmonton (ONS, 2012). Based on population estimates for 2015, Edmonton Green (pop. 18,500) and Upper Edmonton (pop. 18,100) wards were still the most populous and Winchmore Hill (pop. 13,900), Highlands (pop. 13,400) and Grange (pop. 13,100) the least populous wards in the borough (GLA, 2014a) (see note 1).

Persons per Hectare: 2015

Persons per Hectare: 2015
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Source: GLA 2013 Round of Demographic Projections - Ward projections Local authority population projections - based on 2013 BPO data and GLA Ward Profiles and Atlas: Ward Atlas data.

In 2011, whilst Edmonton Green and Upper Edmonton wards were the most populated wards in the borough, in terms of population density (persons per hectare), the story was slightly different. The wards of Bowes, Palmers Green, Haselbury and Lower Edmonton were the most crowded, with Cockfosters and Chase wards the least (ONS, 2012). This pattern of population density is predicted to remain the same for 2015, based on data from the Greater London Authority (GLA (2014a), GLA (2014b)).

Based on 2015 population estimates, the population density in Enfield wards ranged from 99.7 people per hectare in Bowes to 8.4 people per hectare in Chase, with an average of 54.7 people per hectare for the borough (GLA (2014a), GLA (2014b)).

However, the wards within Enfield are of different sizes and there are different mixes of rural and residential areas within each. For example, Bowes is the smallest of the Enfield wards in terms of area and Chase is the largest and whilst Bowes is composed of mainly residential areas, Chase is predominantly rural.

Further information

Note 1: These population estimate figures at ward level have been rounded to the nearest 100, in line with GLA disclosure guidance for data published for public consumption.

References

Greater London Authority (GLA, 2014a). Enfield data hub. 2013 Round of Demographic Projections - Ward projections - Local authority population projections - based on 2013 BPO data.

Greater London Authority (GLA, 2014b). London Datastore. Ward Profiles and Atlas: Ward Atlas data.

Office for National Statistics (ONS, 2012). 2011 Census: population and household estimates for Wards and Output Areas in England and Wales. Table PP04: 2011 Census: Usual resident population by five-year age group, wards in England and Wales.

Office for National Statistics (ONS, 2014). MYEDE Population Estimates for High Level Areas. Dataset Details.

This page was last updated on 04-Jun-2015.